Treatise on Instrumentation (Dover Books on Music) [Hector Berlioz, Richard Strauss] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The most influential. Book Source: Digital Library of India Item : Hector ioned. Berlioz’s orchestration treatise is a classic textbook which has been used as – Berlioz’s Orchestration Treatise: A Translation and Commentary -.

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As a general rule players should only use the instruments specified by the composer. It is imposed on composers more by habit, routine, laziness and lack of thought than for reasons of economy, though these are unfortunately all too compelling, particularly in France.

This is a mistake. The clarinet would perhaps have been more suitable, but some of its sounds would have been too forceful, tteatise none of the softest notes could have been scaled down to the weak, orchestrayion and veiled sound of the F natural in the middle range and of the first B flat above the stave. Instead, the strong beat of every bar is struck, the orchestra is crushed, the voices obliterated; nothing is left, neither melody, nor harmony, nor line; even the tonality barely emerges.

He will then select coaches for each one of the vocal and instrumental groups. These give to the flute all its sad character in the key of D minor where they occur frequently.

When the cellos are playing a melody, it can sometimes be very effective to double them in unison with violas. On the contrary, by being relegated to the central and lowest point of the hall, in front of the footlights and on a horizontal plane, the players are deprived of most of the advantages that derive from the layout I have described for concert orchestras.

The oboe would have sounded too beflioz and its voice would not have seemed pure enough. The tones of the middle range and of the chalumeau are suitable for melodies, arpeggios and runs. To trextise, as some virtuoso players do, in transposing and playing everything on the B flat clarinet, is therefore with rare exceptions a betrayal on the beflioz of the player. Their quivering and thin sound, which cuts through the rest of the orchestra, can be eminently suitable whether for feelings of extreme ferocity, combined with the shrill shrieks of piccolos and strokes on the timpani or the side drum, treatide for the feverish excitement of a bacchanal where joy turns to frenzy.


Provided the composer has not written anything that is unsuitable for the instrument, the player must perform the music as written, neither adding nor deleting anything.

Berliozz no time in the history of music has so much been said as at present about Instrumentation. They do not merely threaten, they proclaim, they sing instead of roaring. When stopped sounds are not used for a specific effect then at least those which have a poor sonority and are too different from the other sounds of the horn should be avoided.

The use made of the piano in the single example I have just mentioned is quite different.


Selected pages Title Page. In such a context the sound of the piano has a delightful charm, full of calm and freshness, and is the very image of grace. When blended with the lower notes of clarinets and bassoons over a tremolando of the double basses, the lower notes of the cor anglais produce a novel and special sound, eminently suitable for giving a menacing colour to musical ideas where fear and anguish predominate.

Suppose a mass of voices placed in the choir of a church, far away from the organ, and interrupting its chant to let the organ repeat it, in whole or in part; suppose even that the chorus, in a ceremony of a sad character, was accompanied by a lament alternating between the orchestra and the organ from the two extremities of the church, with the organ following the orchestra like a mysterious echo of its lament.

The second coach will rehearse in the same way the first and second tenors. The lower notes of the oboe, which sound ugly when exposed, may be suitable in certain harmonies of an eerie and sorrowful character, when played together with the lower notes of clarinets and the low D, E, F and G of the flutes and the cor anglais.

Almost at once a new kind of pedantry arose: Purchase Subscription prices and ordering Short-term Access To purchase short term access, please sign in to your Oxford Academic account above.

In such a case when the violins are playing in unison the composer may want to increase their power even further, and has them doubled by the violas playing an octave below them. In the overture to Oberon Weber with rare felicity makes the cellos sing in their upper register, while two clarinets in A playing in unison sound their lower notes underneath. Symphonie fantastiqueOp.

Grand traité d’instrumentation et d’orchestration modernes, Op.10 (Berlioz, Hector)

But when eight, ten, twelve or more drums play rhythmic accompaniments or crescendo rolls om a military march, they can provide magnificent and powerful support for wind instruments. The organ and the orchestra are both Kings, or rather one is Emperor and the bsrlioz Pope; they have different missions, their interests are too vast and too divergent to be confused. Up till now they have only used the thumb and the index finger for plucking, and the result is that they are unable to play passages or arpeggios involving more than semiquavers in common time and at a very orchestratiin tempo.


No eBook available Amazon. But he has been equally successful in giving the instrument passages of a sad or desolate character. There can be no doubt about the system of rehearsals needed for this gigantic orchestra: I have never been able to hear from a distance military music without being deeply moved by the feminine timbre of clarinets and being treatixe with images of that kind, as after the reading of ancient epic poems.

This sad murmur and the faint sound of this solo, reproducing a melody already heard in an earlier piece, have always struck audiences deeply. The organisation of the Treatise in chapters has therefore not been followed beyond chapter 1. It would convey the laments, whispers and mysterious sounds of virgin forests, the shouts, prayers, songs of triumph or lamentation of a people with an expansive soul, an ardent heart, and fiery passions.

A distinction is now drawn between use and abuse, reactionary vanity and pig-headed obstinacy, and there is general agreement nowadays on the subject of harmony, melody and modulations: But the joyful character of such tunes actually owes more to the melody than to the timbre of the horns.

The feelings of absence, oblivion, and painful loneliness which arise in the minds of some listeners when they hear this forsaken melody would not have a quarter of their force if sung by any instrument other than the cor anglais.

The first and second violins separately, then all the violins together. They give a velvety and dark timbre to the timpani, which gives excellent definition to the sound, and makes the pitch easier to hear.