Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is a type of thrombocytopenic purpura defined as isolated low platelet count (thrombocytopenia) with normal bone marrow and. Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is defined as a hematologic disorder, characterized by isolated thrombocytopenia without a clinically apparent cause. Eur J Haematol Suppl. Mar;(71) doi: /j x. Immune thrombocytopenic purpura: epidemiology and implications for.

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Retrieved from ” https: By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The patient continued to take steroids for a period of 1 month in tapered idiopatki once the alternate day and later discontinued after one monthhowever, she continued to take pantaprazole to complete the 6 weeks course.

No lab idiopstik can reliably predict if neonatal thrombocytopenia will occur. In fact, an enlarged spleen should lead to a search for other possible causes for the thrombocytopenia.

Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura

Semple JW, Freedman J. An upper gastrointestinal endoscopy showed fundal and corpus hemorrhagic gastritis and biopsy test for the presence of H. Later withdrawal of wysolone resulted in the relapse steroid dependant thrombocytopenia of another episode of melena. It is therefore hypothesized that eradication of H.

Immune thrombocytopenic purpura

Recent research now indicates that impaired production of the glycoprotein hormone thrombopoietinwhich is the stimulant for platelet production, may be a contributing factor to the reduction in circulating platelets.

Patient was admitted in Hematology Ward, Government General Hospital, Chennai on and treatment was started as described below:. She suffered from idiopatlk gums with the appearance of generalized purple spots all over the body, bleeding into idiopqtik right eye and melena since last 10 days. The initial treatment of ITP includes: Retrieved October 16, The infection by Helicobacter pylori strains expressing CagA is highly prevalent in women with autoimmune thyroid disorders.


Urea breath testing and stool iidiopatik testing perform better than serology -based tests; moreover, serology may be false-positive after treatment with IVIG.

Atopic eczema Allergic urticaria Allergic rhinitis Hay fever Allergic pyrpura Anaphylaxis Food allergy common allergies include: Discussion The first case of association of H. The coating of platelets with IgG renders them susceptible to opsonization and phagocytosis by splenic macrophagesas well by Kupffer cells in the liver.

At the same time, it is also important trombostopeni initiate studies in broad number of subjects from different geographical areas with probably longer follow-up, so as to evaluate the molecular pathway that links H. Although most cases are asymptomatic, very low platelet counts can lead to a bleeding diathesis and purpura.

Bacterium eradication with antibiotics, in 12 of 13 infected patients Such secondary causes include leukemiamedications e. Acknowledgements The authors declare no conflict of interest or commercial affiliation related to this study.

Based on the clinical findings, provisional diagnosis was made idioopatik ITP.

Chronic immune thrombocytopenia persists longer than six months with a specific cause being unknown. Intraorally there was complete resolution of hematoma anteriorly on gingiva purpurs Figure 6 ], hematoma in lower anterior lingual region [ Figure 7 ], and petechiae idiopatij dorsum of tongue. Splenectomy is sometimes undertaken, as platelets targeted for destruction will often meet their fate in the spleen.

ITP is the result of accelerated platelet destruction by the reticuloendothelial trombositopehi, primarily the spleen. Extraoral examination revealed petechial spots over the neck on right side [ Figure 1 ], petechial spots over the forearms, and petechial spots over the right arm [ Figure 2 ]. In one of the small study by Emilia et al [ 6 ], which consisted of 30 subjects, H.

Jayachandranand Khushboo Singh. Bleeding time from minor lacerations or abrasions is usually prolonged. For patient with active H.

Immune thrombocytopenic purpura – Wikipedia

Graves’ disease Myasthenia gravis Pernicious anemia. Bone marrow examination may be performed on patients over the age of 60 and those who do not respond to treatment, or when the diagnosis is in doubt. ITP is usually chronic in adults [40] and the probability of durable remission is 20—40 ;urpura.


The IgG autoantibodies are also thought to damage megakaryocytesthe precursor cells to platelets, although this is believed to contribute only slightly to the decrease in platelet numbers.

First, one has to idiopayik sure that there are no other blood abnormalities except for low platelet count and no physical ixiopatik except for signs of bleeding. Dapsone also called diphenylsulfone, DDS, or avlosulfon is an anti-infective sulfone drug. The patient was conservatively managed by giving 2 units of packed cells followed by 2 units of platelet with plasma for 4 days, owing to the positivity to H.

Helicobacter pylori and idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura. Patients with mild, asymptomatic thrombocytopenia, discovered incidentally on a routine blood count, should not be treated.

In adults, particularly those living in areas with a high prevalence of Helicobacter pylori which normally inhabits the stomach wall and has been associated with peptic ulcersidentification and treatment of this infection has been shown to improve platelet counts in a third of patients.

Intraoral examination revealed bleeding from gingiva in lower anterior region, which was inflamed, reddish, tender on palpation, soft in consistency [ Figure 3 ]. The major goal for treatment of ITP is to provide a safe platelet count to prevent major bleeding and avoid unnecessary treatment of asymptomatic patients with mild to moderate thrombocytopenia.